What is famine?
The conditions for famine are measured by the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), a UN specialist unit to objectively classify food security. It uses three criteria before declaring a famine.
- At least 20 percent of households in the area are classified in the most extreme category of food insecurity, Phase 5 famine, meaning they have an extreme lack of food where starvation, death and destruction are evident.
- More than 30 percent of children under 5 suffer from acute malnutrition.
- Mortality rates are two or more deaths per 10,000 people every day, or four under 5 deaths per 10,000 children every day — double the normal rate.
Help address the famine in South Sudan by visiting: http://www1.wfp.org/south-sudan-emergency